Types of Donation
Whole Blood Donation (Single Unit)
• This is the most common type of donation. About a pint (unit) of blood is removed.
• The donation itself lasts only 10-15 minutes, but the entire process takes about an hour including registration, questions and refreshments.
• You may donate a single unit once every 56 days.
• Your donation is separated into multiple components to best serve our patients according to their specific needs.
Double Red Cell Donation
• An apheresis machine is used to collect two units of red blood cells (RBCs) only. Other components are returned to the donor. The process takes about 30 minutes longer than single unit donation.
• This procedure is helpful for obtaining specific types of RBCs that may be in short supply.
• Because more blood is removed than in the usual donation, donors must meet slightly higher weight/height and hemoglobin requirements. Also, the donation interval is increased to 112 days.
Platelet Donation (Plateletpheresis)
• If platelet donation only is done, an apheresis machine is used to collect platelets and a small amount of plasma. RBCs and most plasma are returned to the donor. Sometimes, a unit of plasma and RBCs may also be collected. The donation takes about one to two hours and WiFi and other entertainment are available.
• If platelet donation only is done, there is a shorter time before you can donate again. If RBCs are also collected, the donation interval is 56 days. Staff will inform you when you are eligible again.
• Platelets are used to prevent bleeding in patients who have reduced levels due to their disease or treatment.
• Information for Females Considering Platelet Donation
Autologous Blood Donation
• Autologous blood donation is a procedure in which a patient scheduled for a procedure that may require blood donates their own blood in advance. It requires written permission from your doctor. (Physician Request for Autologous Donation). After your doctor has completed the form, it may be mailed or faxed to RRVBC. You will then be contacted by the RRVBC Special Services Coordinator. (815/965-8751 or [email protected])
• On the day of donation you must bring a photo ID and a list of medications you are taking. You will undergo questions and screening at that time to determine your suitability as an autologous donor. Please eat a meal and drink plenty of fluids prior to your visit.
• Since mild anemia and/or iron deficiency may occur close to surgery, be sure to take any iron supplements that your doctor may have prescribed.
• Multiple studies have shown no significant difference in risk between recipients of autologous versus volunteer blood.
• In accordance with a variance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Rock River Valley Blood Center accepts Hereditary Hemochromatosis (HH) patients as volunteer blood donors.
• The policy is the result of requests by patients with HH to have their blood used for transfusion rather than be discarded. The guidance allows donors with HH to donate under the same circumstances as any other volunteer blood donor, except that he/she may be permitted to donate more frequently than every 56 days.
• Please click here for more information about Hemochromatosis Policy changes.
Directed Donor Program
• A directed donation is the personal selection of blood donors for the purpose of any blood transfusion that you may require.
• RRVBC discourages directed donations. For a review of the reasons for this, please click on the directed donation position statement.
• Directed donations require a written request from your physician and signed consent forms from the donors and you as the recipient. See below for the appropriate forms. Your doctor must fill out the form and fax or mail it to RRVBC. You will be contacted by the RRVBC Special Services Coordinator for appointments with you and your designated donors.
• For more information, call the Special Services Coordinator at 815/965-8751 or 877/778-2299 or email- [email protected]
• As a service to patients with conditions requiring a physician-prescribed treatment called “therapeutic phlebotomy,” the Rock River Valley Blood Center will gladly draw blood as ordered by your doctor.
• There is no charge for this type of blood draw. All therapeutic phlebotomies require an appointment, which will be scheduled after the blood center has received the physician’s order.
• Please click here for a Physician Request for Therapeutic Phlebotomy.
• Upon receipt of the physician order, the Special Services Coordinator at the Rock River Valley Blood Center will contact you to set up an appointment.
• For questions, please call the Special Services Coordinator at 815-965-8751 or 1-877-RRVBC-99 (877-778-2299), or send a question to [email protected].